Proposal for the amendment to the Circular Economy Promotion Law | the NPC and CPPCC Two Sessions Meetings Proposals From CBCGDF
2019/4/21 16:34:00 本站

This year, 2019, marks the 10th anniversary of the Circular Economy Promotion Law of the People's Republic of China. The circular economy is an environment-friendly developing mode, featuring resource saving, recycle, low emission and high efficiency. The implement of the Circular Economy Promotion Law has great significance in ecological civilization. China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) hopes that the proposal to revise the Circular Economy Promotion Law will attract Lawmakers and political advisors' attention at the preliminary meeting for NPC and CPPCC two sessions on January 16.


Suggestions about the amendment of the Circular Economy Promotion Law:


The Circular Economy Promotion Law was implemented in January 2019. As the concept of ecological civilization and sustainable development popularize, the Circular Economy Promotion Law has been unable to meet the demand for efficient recycling, reducing waste, and environment protection. CBCGDF suggests to fully revise this law (or promote a more complete and practical Circular Economy Promotion Law).


To develop a circular economy has significant strategic meaning:


1. To develop a circular economy is the best choice to resolve the current resource imbalance. China has abundant resources, but the per capita amount of resource is far below the world average level.


2. To develop a circular economy is key to economic growth and human resources. Recycling is important to labor-intensive industry and employment.


3. To develop a circular economy is the objective demand for economic and environmental globalization. China should develop circular economy so as to enhance environmental competitiveness, break the limits of green trade by developed countries, eliminate the transfer of polluting industries, and the threat to domestic environmental security brought by hazardous substances and invasion of alien species.


A circular economy is basically an ecological economy. It is also called a resource-circular economy, and it is an economic developing mode featuring resource-saving, recycling, less exploitation, full utilization, and low emission. The circular economy requires economic activities to be integrated into a "resource-product-waste-renewable resources" process.


Enterprise is the main part in promoting the growth of a circular economy. Only by enterprises consciously fulfilling this strategy can circular economy develop. Therefore, it is essential to clarify an enterprise's leading role in promoting a circular economy. Enterprises should play a role in choosing material and advanced technology, promoting clean production and the recycling of effluent and waste.


The resource is limited, but the road to achieving recycling has no end. We should recycle wastes and promote the stable and sustainable development of the entire recycling industry with the assistance of scientific and technological innovation.


Although China has made great achievements in green scientific and technological innovation and made breakthroughs in resource saving and circular economy, the green science and technology level is backward if compared with that in developed countries. The green technologies applied by domestic enterprises lag behind, some green innovative technologies are not mature enough, and green products are down in the market because of consumers' concepts. Taking Extended Producer Responsibility as an example, the current Circular Economy Promotion Law clarifies the extended producer responsibility, but it fails to address other stakeholders' responsibility. That is to say, the extended producer responsibility is insufficient for accountability and not practical.


On January 6, 2019, China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) had a telephone conference with its delegate in the Netherlands. Dr. Zhou Jinfeng, the Secretary-General of CBCGDF, learned advanced experience that Holland has made in a circular economy.


Holland has set up the unified statistic monitoring system of recycling. In Holland, the annual recycling rate of waste has reached 79%, most of which turned into energy by burning, and only 3% has been buried. In 2014, the recycling rate of wasted paper and paperboard has reached 82%, and metal as high as 94%. According to Dutch environmental protection regulations, construction waste should be classified, harmful waste should be registered and is not allowed to be buried. That determines the processing program of construction waste should be refined. In the Netherlands, the recycling rate of construction waste has reached 96%. (By comparison, the total amount of construction waste in China weighs from 155 to 244 million tons, but the recycling rate is only about 5%.)


Tax policy in circular policy is crucial because to regulate tax preference and optimize tax types aims to encourage to use more recycling materials rather than raw ones. Charging taxes on environmental pollution behaviors accelerates the transformation of economic growth. It is necessary to set up a separate tax for those environmental pollution behaviors and products. The main function of tax in environmental protection relies on the preferential policy, so as to improve the environment by taxation lever.


In order to promote the circular economy, Holland has made a full plan on resource recycling, and actively cooperated with the government.


The achievements Holland has made in circular economy lie in its unique waste resource management system, and corresponding legal institution. Holland promotes waste recycling and resource utilization by legislation and formulates circular economy system by laws.


China should develop a circular economy, formulate circular economy law under the guidance of the Constitution, and make the adjustment on the basis of the current regulations and policies. China should establish its own legal system of a circular economy, thus achieving ecological and sustainable development. Moreover, the government's determination is crucial to a circular economy. A circular economy would not get effectively developed without market regulation.

Original Chinese article:

By / Wang Yanqing  Modified by / Niu Jingmei