Opinions of National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Ecology and Environment on Further Strengthening the Control of Plastic Pollution (II)
2020/1/20 11:33:00 本站

(9) Strengthen the recycling and removal of plastic waste. Combined with the implementation of garbage classification, the collection and treatment of recyclables such as plastic waste should be increased, and random stacking and dumping will not be allowed to cause plastic waste pollution. In places such as office buildings, airports, stations, ports and docks where large amounts of plastic waste are generated, it is necessary to increase the placement facilities and increase the frequency of clearance. Promote multi-party cooperation between e-commerce take-out platforms, environmental sanitation departments, and recycling companies, and launch recovery facilities such as express packaging and take-out meal boxes in key areas. Establish and improve the waste agricultural film recycling system; standardize the recycling and disposal of waste fishing nets and fishing gear.


(10) Promote the utilization of resources and energy. Promote the standardization, centralization, and industrialization of the plastic waste resource utilization. Relevant projects must be clustered in parks such as resource recycling bases to improve the level of plastic waste resource utilization. Plastic waste with high sorting costs and unsuitable for resource utilization should be promoted for energy use, strengthen the operation and management of enterprises such as waste incineration and power generation, ensure the stable discharge of various pollutants, and minimize the direct landfill volume of plastic waste.

(11) Special cleaning up of plastic garbage. Accelerate the investigation and improvement of irregular dumping and dumping points of domestic garbage, focusing on solving the problem of plastic pollution caused by random dumping and stacking of domestic garbage in urban-rural junctions, environmentally sensitive areas, roads and rivers, and pits and canals.
Carry out clean-up of garbage from rivers, lakes, harbors and beaches. Promote the cleaning and remediation of farmland residual mulch film, plastic packaging of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, etc., and gradually reduce the amount of farmland residual mulch film.


V Improve the support and guarantee system


(12) Establish and improve laws and regulations and standards. Promote the revision of relevant laws and regulations and incorporate the prevention and control of plastic pollution into relevant laws and regulations. Promptly update and release the catalogue of bans on plastic products. Develop green design guidelines for plastic products. Improve the quality control standards of recycled plastics and regulate the uses of recycled plastics. Develop and revise standard identification of degradable materials and products. Establish and improve green management and evaluation standards for companies in emerging sectors such as e-commerce, express delivery, and takeaway. Research on the evaluation of packaging suitability for products with outstanding packaging problems and propose differentiated management measures. Incorporate the control requirements for disposable plastic products into tourist scenic spots, star-rated hotels, and hotel evaluation and rating standards. Improve environmental protection related standards for the recycling of plastic waste into energy. Explore the establishment of a production and sales information disclosure system for plastic raw materials and finished products. Explore the implementation of corporate legal person's promises to keep promises and disciplinary punishments, and include violations of production, sales, and use of plastic products in records of breach of trust.


(13) Improve related support policies. Increase support for key projects such as green packaging R & D and production, green logistics and distribution system construction, and the placement and operation of specialized intelligent recycling facilities. We will implement relevant fiscal and taxation policies and increase government procurement of green products that meet standards. Carry out pilot demonstrations such as the construction of new green supply chains, the promotion of new products and models, and the recycling of waste agricultural membranes. Localities should support the launch of specialized recycling facilities and eliminate the barriers to the management of facilities entering public places such as residential communities, subway stations, stations and office buildings. Encourage local governments to take economic measures to promote the reduction and substitution of disposable plastic products. Public agencies should take the lead to stop using non-degradable disposable plastic products.


(14) Strengthen scientific and technological support. Carry out research and evaluation of the full life cycle environmental risks of different types of plastic products. Strengthen research on the pollution mechanism, monitoring, prevention and control technologies and policies of plastic garbage and microplastics in rivers, lakes, and seas, and carry out ecological environment impact and human health risk assessment. Increase research and transformation of key core technologies of recyclable and degradable materials and improve the performance of alternative materials and products. Focusing on degradation safety and controllability, large-scale application economics, etc., carry out technical verification and product selection of degradable mulch.


(15) Strict law enforcement supervision. Strengthen daily management, supervision and inspection, and strictly implement policies and measures that ban, restrict production, sales and use of some plastic products. Strictly crack down on illegal production and sale of plastic products prohibited by state regulations, and strictly investigate and deal with false labels. Promote comprehensive enforcement of ecological environmental protection, strengthen the environmental supervision of the recycling, utilization, and disposal of plastic waste, investigate and punish illegal sewage discharge in accordance with the law, and continue to promote the rectification of the waste plastic processing and utilization industry. If the industry management department finds out about plastic environmental pollution and ecological damage during the daily supervision, it shall promptly transfer relevant clues to the comprehensive law enforcement team of ecological environmental protection, which shall be put on file for investigation and punishment according to law. Responsible subjects who have not implemented well shall be investigated and punished according to law and regulations, and rectification shall be supervised through public exposure and interviews.


Strengthening organizational implementation

(16) Strengthen organizational leadership. All regions and relevant departments must attach great importance to plastic pollution control, carefully organize arrangements, and earnestly implement them.
The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment have established special working mechanisms in conjunction with relevant departments, coordinated related work, summarized and analyzed the progress of work in a timely manner, and reported major situations and issues to the Party Central Committee and the State Council. The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has launched a joint special action with relevant departments to strengthen the supervision and inspection of the implementation of plastic pollution control. Key issues have been incorporated into the central ecological environment protection inspection to strengthen assessment and accountability. Local people's governments at all levels must formulate specific implementation measures and refine policies and measures in accordance with local conditions.


(17) Strengthen publicity and guidance. Increase publicity on the treatment of plastic pollution, guide the public to reduce the use of disposable plastic products, participate in waste classification, and resist excessive packaging. Use newspapers, radio and television, new media and other channels to further publicize the effectiveness and typical practices of plastic pollution control. Guide industry associations, business groups, and non-profit organizations in order to carry out professional discussions and voluntary activities, etc., to broadly build consensus and create a good atmosphere for the common participation of the entire society.


National Development and Reform Commission

Ministry of Ecology and Environment

January 16, 2020


Release time: 2020/01/19

Source: Department of Environmental Resources, NDRC

Original Chinese article:


By / Maggie, Linda